Do You Know What Causes Heartburn?
What is Heartburn?
The term heartburn, known as prosis, cardialgia or acid indigestion in medical terms, has two parts; the first part is ‘heart’ that creates confusion because people think it is some kind of heart disease. On the contrary, it has nothing to do with the heart. The second part ‘burn’ is rather simple and clearly refers to burning.
Heartburn can be best defined as a burning sensation or pain in the chest just behind the breastbone and ribs or in the epigastruim, the upper and median part of the abdomen and this occurs because of the acid that comes out of the stomach and mess with esophagus, a muscular passage that connects the mouth or pharynx with stomach.
What are the symptoms of heartburn?
In case of having heartburn, various symptoms appear which may include teeth, gum and ear infections, pain, dryness or swallowing in throat, bitter taste in mouth, breathing with difficulty and a whistling sound, inflammation of the larynx, hoarseness or loss of voice, asthma, chronic dry cough and sleeping problems. All these symptoms and problems may occur because of the heartburn. However, the most common heartburn symptom observed is a burning sensation or pain in the chest just behind your breastbone and ribs.
What causes heartburn?
Human body has an amazing working mechanism. Every organ performs its job properly in its system and none of them creates any problem unless they are disturbed or irritated by something abnormal.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease which is commonly known as GERD is the major cause of heartburn. In this disease, the acid stored in the stomach travels out of the way and disturbs esophagus and this happens when Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES), a shutter between the esophagus and the stomach, fails to close. LES closes and stops the acid to come out of stomach when food passes through the esophagus to the stomach for digestion. If this system is not working properly, this will cause heartburn.
Drugs that cause heartburn
Alcohol and caffeine both are acidic and slow down the working efficiency of LES which causes heartburn.
Foods that cause heartburn
Fatty & fried Foods: It is an uneasy task for your stomach to digest food that contains fat, oil, spices and sugar.
Heavy Meals: Eating heavy meals puts you into a greater risk to develop heartburn.
Citrus Fruits that cause heartburn
Tomatoes, orange, lemons, grapefruits and limes are acidic fruits. In presence of heartburn, eating these fruits is like pouring oil on to the fire and double the risk to cause heartburn.
Hot drinks & chocolate that cause heartburn
Tea, coffee and chocolates smell good and invite you to taste. However, you should not ignore the fact that they all have large quantity of acid.
Habits and facts that cause heartburn
• Lying down right after having a meal gives acid a passage to come out of the stomach.
• Smoking is such a bad habit that destroys your whole body functions including LES and causes heartburn.